Web hosting uses server with two major operating systems: Linux and Windows. Which one is better? Linux uses UNIX kernel and open source. It consists of many distributions from small community to big foundation. For server, users usually choose the most popular one due to stability, support, and security. On the other side, Windows is proprietary system from Microsoft. Windows server is operating system dedicated for server utilization, such web-hosting, database, corporate administration, etc.
The Insight of Linux vs. Windows Hosting
Between Linux and Windows, it relates to the way server will be managed. For web hosting, Linux has different interface and command that might not familiar for windows user. For beginners, windows server is favorable because it’s easy to manage, and the applications are familiar. Keep in mind that hosting means from server side, not what clients and end-users do from their device when accessing website.
Microsoft dominates operating system market for end-user with various windows versions. On contrary, Linux system only takes small portion and far below OSX from Apple. This situation is different in web hosting. More than 60% server relies on Linux and the rest uses Windows. One reason why web developers choose Linux is about stability. You do not need to restart system or scan the entire data many times. Linux will be stable more than five years without full inspection. This condition is different from Windows that needs system reboot occasionally.
Have you ever experience virus or Trojan in PC or laptop? Most of computer uses Windows and majority virus only works on Microsoft product. This is also what you see in server side. Windows is vulnerable from malicious attack, and Microsoft tries hard to enhance security system. However, Linux is at the top choice when security is the priority.
3. Control panel and data management
Linux gives easy control for any user level. For beginners, there is distro with simple configuration, and only necessary application is installed. Control panel in Linux will be complex if hosting more websites. Windows seems friendlier in term of interface and user experience. Accessing windows server is similar to operate your own laptop at home.
The next issue is about cost or budget. At the same specs and capability, you spend more money for windows than Linux hosting because of license. As mentioned in early section, users need to pay for license from Microsoft. That’s why the cost becomes higher and more expensive.
5. Update and upgrade
Server is similar to regular PC or laptop that needs upgrades and update. You can enhance hardware capability and get new updates for software. Linux provides flexibility in this area; users can choose any software as long as compatible with system. Furthermore, there is no urge to upgrade into new version, unless it’s completely unstable. You can migrate from one distro to another Linux without updating the problem. Windows relies on every update from Microsoft. It is good thing because users do not need to check the compatibility. Well, Microsoft has done the good task to handle such issue.